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DBMS > Blazegraph vs. IRONdb vs. LeanXcale vs. MongoDB vs. NebulaGraph

System Properties Comparison Blazegraph vs. IRONdb vs. LeanXcale vs. MongoDB vs. NebulaGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonIRONdb  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonNebulaGraph  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.
DescriptionHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.A distributed Time Series DBMS with a focus on scalability, fault tolerance and operational simplicityA highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilitiesOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Time Series DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Document storeGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.09
Rank#192  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score0.12
Rank#349  Overall
#34  Time Series DBMS
Score0.30
Rank#296  Overall
#42  Key-value stores
#136  Relational DBMS
Score486.23
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score1.31
Rank#170  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Websiteblazegraph.comwww.circonus.com/­solutions/­time-series-databasewww.leanxcale.comwww.mongodb.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationwiki.blazegraph.comdocs.circonus.com/­irondbdocs.mongodb.com/­manualdocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperBlazegraphCirconus LLC.LeanXcaleMongoDB, IncVesoft Inc.
Initial release20062017201520092019
Current release2.1.5, March 2019V0.10.20, January 20186.0.1, August 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoextended commercial license availablecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
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Implementation languageJavaC and C++C++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.Strong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoRDF literal typesyes infotext, numeric, histogramsyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageSQL-like query language (Circonus Analytics Query Language: CAQL)yes infothrough Apache DerbyRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BISQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
HTTP APIJDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
proprietary protocol using JSONBrowser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
C
Java
Scala
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes, in LuaJavaScript
Triggersnonoyes infoin MongoDB Atlas only
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingAutomatic, metric affinity per nodeSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesconfigurable replication factor, datacenter awareMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate consistency per node, eventual consistency across nodesImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in Graphsnoyesno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes
User concepts infoAccess controlSecurity and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)noAccess rights for users and rolesRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
BlazegraphIRONdbLeanXcaleMongoDBNebulaGraph
Specific characteristicsFull ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
MongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
NebulaGraph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesLinear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
NebulaGraph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosHybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersbanking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing NebulaGraph in...
» more
Market metrics15 beta testers
» more
200+ million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
At our very early stage, NebulaGraph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsannual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
NebulaGraph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more

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More resources
BlazegraphIRONdbLeanXcaleMongoDBNebulaGraph
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