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DBMS > Blazegraph vs. Hive vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

System Properties Comparison Blazegraph vs. Hive vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.
DescriptionHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.data warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopWidely used in-process key-value store
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.75
Rank#235  Overall
#20  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score65.81
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score3.09
Rank#111  Overall
#20  Key-value stores
#3  Native XML DBMS
Websiteblazegraph.comhive.apache.orgwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­berkeleydb.html
Technical documentationwiki.blazegraph.comcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.html
DeveloperBlazegraphApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by Oracle
Initial release200620121994
Current release2.1.5, March 20193.1.3, April 202218.1.40, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoextended commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infocommercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaC, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMAIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoRDF literal typesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML edition
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is available
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Java
PHP
Python
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceno
Triggersnonoyes infoonly for the SQL API
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factorSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in Graphsnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlSecurity and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)Access rights for users, groups and rolesno

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More resources
BlazegraphHiveOracle Berkeley DB
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