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DBMS > Blazegraph vs. Hive vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison Blazegraph vs. Hive vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.
DescriptionHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.data warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.75
Rank#235  Overall
#20  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score65.81
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score25.01
Rank#30  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Websiteblazegraph.comhive.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationwiki.blazegraph.comcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperBlazegraphApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookMicrosoft
Initial release200620122016
Current release2.1.5, March 20193.1.3, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoextended commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMhosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoRDF literal typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Java
PHP
Python
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceTransact SQL
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factoryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in Graphsnono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlSecurity and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)Access rights for users, groups and rolesyes

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More resources
BlazegraphHiveMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
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