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DBMS > Blazegraph vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. H2GIS vs. Impala

System Properties Comparison Blazegraph vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. H2GIS vs. Impala

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonH2GIS  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.
DescriptionHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.Google's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Spatial extension of H2Analytic DBMS for Hadoop
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Wide column storeSpatial DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.96
Rank#180  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score3.63
Rank#89  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Score0.04
Rank#324  Overall
#4  Spatial DBMS
Score18.46
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Websiteblazegraph.comcloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.h2gis.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.html
Technical documentationwiki.blazegraph.comcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docswww.h2gis.org/­docs/­homedocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.html
DeveloperBlazegraphGoogleCNRSCloudera
Initial release2006201520132013
Current release2.1.5, March 20194.0.0, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoextended commercial license availablecommercialOpen Source infoLGPL 3.0Open Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoRDF literal typesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languagenoyesSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyes infobased on H2yes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduce
Triggersnonoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesyes infobased on H2selectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in Graphsnoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic single-row operationsACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlSecurity and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)yes infobased on H2Access rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberos

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More resources
BlazegraphGoogle Cloud BigtableH2GISImpala
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