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DBMS > Blazegraph vs. FoundationDB vs. H2 vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Blazegraph vs. FoundationDB vs. H2 vs. Spark SQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.Ordered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Spark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.09
Rank#192  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score1.66
Rank#148  Overall
#26  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#72  Relational DBMS
Score9.56
Rank#50  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Score22.58
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Websiteblazegraph.comwww.foundationdb.orgwww.h2database.comspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationwiki.blazegraph.comapple.github.io/­foundationdbwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperBlazegraphFoundationDBThomas MuellerApache Software Foundation
Initial release2006201320052014
Current release2.1.5, March 20196.2.28, November 20202.1.210, January 20223.3.0 ( 2.13), June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoextended commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++JavaScala
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoRDF literal typesno infosome layers support typingyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languagesupported in specific SQL layer onlyyesSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
JavaJava
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesin SQL-layer onlyJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsno
Triggersnonoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnoneyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databasenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationLinearizable consistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in Graphsin SQL-layer onlyyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlSecurity and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
BlazegraphFoundationDBH2Spark SQL
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