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DBMS > Blazegraph vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. H2GIS

System Properties Comparison Blazegraph vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. H2GIS

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonH2GIS  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.
DescriptionHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Google's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Spatial extension of H2
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document storeWide column storeSpatial DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.96
Rank#180  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score19.36
Rank#36  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score3.63
Rank#89  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Score0.04
Rank#324  Overall
#4  Spatial DBMS
Websiteblazegraph.comfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasecloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.h2gis.org
Technical documentationwiki.blazegraph.comfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasecloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docswww.h2gis.org/­docs/­home
DeveloperBlazegraphGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014GoogleCNRS
Initial release2006201220152013
Current release2.1.5, March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoextended commercial license availablecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoLGPL 3.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoRDF literal typesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languagenonoyes
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
Android
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyeslimited functionality with using 'rules'noyes infobased on H2
TriggersnoCallbacks are triggered when data changesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesyes infobased on H2
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in Graphsnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesAtomic single-row operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlSecurity and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)yes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)yes infobased on H2

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More resources
BlazegraphFirebase Realtime DatabaseGoogle Cloud BigtableH2GIS
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