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DBMS > Blazegraph vs. Elasticsearch vs. Milvus

System Properties Comparison Blazegraph vs. Elasticsearch vs. Milvus

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.
DescriptionHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.A distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searches
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Search engineVector DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.75
Rank#219  Overall
#19  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score135.35
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score2.31
Rank#113  Overall
#3  Vector DBMS
Websiteblazegraph.comwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchmilvus.io
Technical documentationwiki.blazegraph.comwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.md
DeveloperBlazegraphElastic
Initial release200620102019
Current release2.1.5, March 20198.6, January 20232.3.4, January 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoextended commercial license availableOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Zilliz Cloud – Cloud-native service for Milvus
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++, Go
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
macOS info10.14 or later
Windows infowith WSL 2 enabled
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistent
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoRDF literal typesyesVector, Numeric and String
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesno
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connectorno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allBounded Staleness
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Session Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in Graphsnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlSecurity and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)Role based access control and fine grained access rights
More information provided by the system vendor
BlazegraphElasticsearchMilvus
Specific characteristicsMilvus is an open-source and cloud-native vector database built for production-ready...
» more
Competitive advantagesHighly available, versatile, and robust with millisecond latency. Supports batch...
» more
Typical application scenariosRAG: retrieval augmented generation Video media : video understanding, video deduplication....
» more
Key customersMilvus is trusted by thousands of enterprises, including PayPal, eBay, IKEA, LINE,...
» more
Market metricsAs of January 2024, 25k+ GitHub stars 10M+ downloads and installations​ ​ 3k+ enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMilvus was released under the open-source Apache License 2.0 in October 2019. Fully-managed...
» more

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BlazegraphElasticsearchMilvus
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Recent citations in the news

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