DBMS > Blazegraph vs. Elasticsearch vs. Graph Engine
System Properties Comparison Blazegraph vs. Elasticsearch vs. Graph Engine
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Blazegraph Xexclude from comparison||Elasticsearch Xexclude from comparison||Graph Engine former name: Trinity Xexclude from comparison|
|Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.|
|Description||High-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.||A distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene Elasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metric||A distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engine|
|Primary database model||Graph DBMS|
|Search engine||Graph DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Current release||2.1.5, March 2019||8.6, January 2023|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source extended commercial license available||Open Source Elastic License||Open Source MIT License|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Implementation language||Java||Java||.NET and C|
|Server operating systems||Linux|
|All OS with a Java VM||.NET|
|Data scheme||schema-free||schema-free Flexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistent||yes|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes RDF literal types||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no||no|
|Secondary indexes||yes||yes All search fields are automatically indexed|
|SQL Support of SQL||SPARQL is used as query language||SQL-like query language||no|
|APIs and other access methods||Java API|
RESTful HTTP API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
|RESTful HTTP API|
|Supported programming languages||.Net|
Community Contributed Clients
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes||yes||yes|
|Triggers||no||yes by using the 'percolation' feature||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||Sharding||Sharding||horizontal partitioning|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||yes||yes|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||ES-Hadoop Connector|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration||Eventual Consistency Synchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, all|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes Relationships in Graphs||no||no|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||no||no|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||optional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storage|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||Memcached and Redis integration||yes|
|User concepts Access control||Security and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)|
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|Blazegraph||Elasticsearch||Graph Engine former name: Trinity|
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