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DBMS > Blazegraph vs. Cloudant vs. MariaDB vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Blazegraph vs. Cloudant vs. MariaDB vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonCloudant  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.
DescriptionHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.Database as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.TiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.58
Rank#189  Overall
#14  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score3.70
Rank#74  Overall
#13  Document stores
Score86.77
Rank#13  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score1.47
Rank#126  Overall
#65  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.blazegraph.comcloudant.commariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
pingcap.com
Technical documentationwiki.blazegraph.comdocs.cloudant.commariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarypingcap.com/­docs
DeveloperBlazegraphIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014MariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
PingCAP, Inc.
Initial release2006201020092016
Current release2.1.4, August 201610.4.8, September 20193.0.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoextended commercial license availablecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • MariaDB Managed Service: A customized MariaDB deployment fully managed by the experts at MariaDB in the cloud of your choice. Keeps you up to date with features, upgrades, hotfixes and security patches.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageJavaErlangC and C++Go, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoRDF literal typesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languagenoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIProprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3no
Triggersnoyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keyhorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in Graphsnoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a document possibleACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infowith MEMORY storage engineno
User concepts infoAccess controlSecurity and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)Access rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
BlazegraphCloudantMariaDBTiDB
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
TiDB is an open source distributed scalable hybrid transactional and analytical processing...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
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Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
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Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Bank of Beijing (Banking) Mobike (Ridesharing) Toutiao (Media) Ele.me (Catering)...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
InfoWorld’s 2018 Best of Open Source Software Award winners 15000+ stars on GitHub...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

Blazegraph 2.1.4 Release
29 August 2016

Blazegraph 2.1.2 Release
18 June 2016

Blazegraph 2.1.1 Release!
9 June 2016

Blazegraph 2.1.0 Release!
8 April 2016

Blazegraph 2.0.0 Release!
22 December 2015

Safety First! Common Safety Pitfalls in Distributed Databases Found by Jepsen Tests
18 September 2019

How TSQ Becomes a Performance Bottleneck for TiKV in AWS ARM Environment
26 August 2019

Lesson Learned from Queries over 1.3 Trillion Rows of Data Within Milliseconds of Response Time at Zhihu.com
21 August 2019

Porting TiDB to ARM64 for Greater Flexibility
16 August 2019

Migrating the TiKV Rust Client from Futures 0.1 to 0.3
8 August 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesAzure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more

Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
BlazegraphCloudantMariaDBTiDB
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