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DBMS > Blazegraph vs. Cloudant vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Blazegraph vs. Cloudant vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonCloudant  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.
DescriptionHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.Database as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.58
Rank#189  Overall
#14  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score3.70
Rank#74  Overall
#13  Document stores
Score86.77
Rank#13  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score31.33
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitewww.blazegraph.comcloudant.commariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
azure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationwiki.blazegraph.comdocs.cloudant.commariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperBlazegraphIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014MariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Microsoft
Initial release2006201020092014
Current release2.1.4, August 201610.4.8, September 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoextended commercial license availablecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • MariaDB Managed Service: A customized MariaDB deployment fully managed by the experts at MariaDB in the cloud of your choice. Keeps you up to date with features, upgrades, hotfixes and security patches.
Implementation languageJavaErlangC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoRDF literal typesnoyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languagenoyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIProprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3JavaScript
TriggersnoyesyesJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keySharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Session Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in Graphsnoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a document possibleACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infowith MEMORY storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlSecurity and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)Access rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights can be defined down to the item level
More information provided by the system vendor
BlazegraphCloudantMariaDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
News

Blazegraph 2.1.4 Release
29 August 2016

Blazegraph 2.1.2 Release
18 June 2016

Blazegraph 2.1.1 Release!
9 June 2016

Blazegraph 2.1.0 Release!
8 April 2016

Blazegraph 2.0.0 Release!
22 December 2015

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more

Azure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
BlazegraphCloudantMariaDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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