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DBMS > Blazegraph vs. Cloudant vs. Couchbase vs. MariaDB

System Properties Comparison Blazegraph vs. Cloudant vs. Couchbase vs. MariaDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonCloudant  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.
DescriptionHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.Database as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document storeDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocolDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.58
Rank#189  Overall
#14  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score3.70
Rank#74  Overall
#14  Document stores
Score32.21
Rank#23  Overall
#3  Document stores
Score86.77
Rank#13  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.blazegraph.comcloudant.comwww.couchbase.commariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
Technical documentationwiki.blazegraph.comdocs.cloudant.comdocs.couchbase.commariadb.com/­kb/­en/­library
DeveloperBlazegraphIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014Couchbase, Inc.MariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Initial release2006201020112009
Current release2.1.4, August 2016Server: 6.0, October 2018; Mobile: 2.5, May 2019; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 201910.4.8, September 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoextended commercial license availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
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Implementation languageJavaErlangC, C++, Go and ErlangC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supported
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoRDF literal typesnoyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languagenoDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.yes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
RESTful HTTP/JSON APINative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsProprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptFunctions and timers in JavaScriptyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3
Triggersnoyesyes infovia the TAP protocolyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, key
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in Graphsnonoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a document possibleSingle-document ACID transactionsACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engine
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoEphemeral bucketsyes infowith MEMORY storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlSecurity and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)Access rights for users can be defined per databaseUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
BlazegraphCloudantCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMariaDB
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
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Open source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
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Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
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High availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
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Web, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
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Booking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
MariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
News

Blazegraph 2.1.4 Release
29 August 2016

Blazegraph 2.1.2 Release
18 June 2016

Blazegraph 2.1.1 Release!
9 June 2016

Blazegraph 2.1.0 Release!
8 April 2016

Blazegraph 2.0.0 Release!
22 December 2015

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
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Azure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
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More resources
BlazegraphCloudantCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMariaDB
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