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DBMS > Blazegraph vs. Cassandra vs. Hive

System Properties Comparison Blazegraph vs. Cassandra vs. Hive

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.
DescriptionHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.Wide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessdata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on Hadoop
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Wide column storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsVector DBMS infostarting with release V5
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.75
Rank#235  Overall
#20  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score109.27
Rank#12  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score65.81
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websiteblazegraph.comcassandra.apache.orghive.apache.org
Technical documentationwiki.blazegraph.comcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Home
DeveloperBlazegraphApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by Facebook
Initial release200620082012
Current release2.1.5, March 20194.1.3, July 20233.1.3, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoextended commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaJavaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoRDF literal typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduce
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes infoquery execution via MapReduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in Graphsnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlSecurity and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)Access rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users, groups and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
BlazegraphCassandraHive
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
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Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
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Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
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Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
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