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DBMS > Blazegraph vs. Cassandra vs. FoundationDB vs. MonetDB vs. Oracle NoSQL

System Properties Comparison Blazegraph vs. Cassandra vs. FoundationDB vs. MonetDB vs. Oracle NoSQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.Wide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.A relational database management system that stores data in columnsKey-value store based on Berkeley DB Java Edition
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Wide column storeDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.81
Rank#182  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score119.18
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score1.05
Rank#165  Overall
#24  Document stores
#30  Key-value stores
#81  Relational DBMS
Score1.96
Rank#125  Overall
#62  Relational DBMS
Score4.17
Rank#79  Overall
#13  Key-value stores
Websiteblazegraph.comcassandra.apache.orgwww.foundationdb.orgwww.monetdb.orgwww.oracle.com/­database/­nosql/­index.html
Technical documentationwiki.blazegraph.comcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestapple.github.io/­foundationdbwww.monetdb.org/­Documentationdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­NOSQL/­index.html
DeveloperBlazegraphApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookFoundationDBMonetDB BVOracle
Initial release20062008201320042011
Current release2.1.5, March 20193.11.8, August 20206.2.11, November 2019Jun2020-SP1, July 202019.5, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoextended commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0Open Source infoApache V2 for Community Edition, proprietary license for Enterprise Edition
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++CJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesoptional, scheme definition possible with AVRO or in 'table-style'
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoRDF literal typesyesno infosome layers support typingyesoptional
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)supported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoin SQL-layer onlyyes, in SQL, C, Rno
Triggersnoyesnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingSharding via remote tablesSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleyesnone infoSource-replica replication available in experimental statusElectable source-replica replication per shard
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnonowith Hadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Linearizable consistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in Graphsnoin SQL-layer onlyyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDACIDconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infooff heap cache
User concepts infoAccess controlSecurity and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)Access rights for users can be defined per objectnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
BlazegraphCassandraFoundationDBMonetDBOracle NoSQL
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Column-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database is a scalable , distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Scalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Data can be modeled as relational-database-style tables, JSON documents, RDF Triples...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Analytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Internet of Things where large volume of data needs to be stored and processed very...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Numascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Large credit card company Airbus NTT Docomo Global rewards company
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database is used by hundreds of companies around the world. Oracle NoSQL...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
Free and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database Enterprise Edition can be purchased under the Oracle Commercial...
» more
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