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DBMS > BigchainDB vs. Grakn vs. Impala vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison BigchainDB vs. Grakn vs. Impala vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBigchainDB  Xexclude from comparisonGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionBigchainDB is scalable blockchain database offering decentralization, immutability and native assetsGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Analytic DBMS for HadoopTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.83
Rank#180  Overall
#27  Document stores
Score0.75
Rank#191  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#94  Relational DBMS
Score15.15
Rank#37  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score2.14
Rank#123  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.bigchaindb.comgrakn.aiwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlpingcap.com
Technical documentationbigchaindb.readthedocs.io/­en/­latestdev.grakn.ai/­docsdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperGrakn LabsClouderaPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release2016201620132016
Current release1.8.3, September 20203.3.0, August 20194.0, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL v3Open Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languagePythonJavaC++Go, Rust
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsCLI Client
RESTful HTTP API
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesGo
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceno
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoby using CassandraShardinghorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorMulti-source replication infoby using Cassandraselectable replication factorUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeperyes infoquery execution via MapReduceyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infosubstituted by the relationship featurenono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes,with MongoDB ord RethinkDByesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlyesyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
BigchainDBGraknImpalaTiDB
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

Discover, Build, Inspire with Grakn - We’ll take care of the swag!
18 August 2020

Grakn Labs community newsletter for week of June 15 — Grakn Labs Online brings you webinars…
15 June 2020

Grakn Cosmos 2020: A Recap
25 February 2020

Moving from Slack to Discord
14 February 2020

Setting up a knowledge base to encode domain knowledge for Rasa
14 August 2019

How We Build an HTAP Database That Simplifies Your Data Platform
15 September 2020

Announcing HTAP support in TiDB Cloud
8 September 2020

How to Migrate Data from Amazon Aurora MySQL to TiDB Cloud
4 September 2020

Celebrate TiKV Graduation within CNCF
2 September 2020

PingCAPers Make Their Debut at VLDB
31 August 2020

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
BigchainDBGraknImpalaTiDB
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