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DBMS > BigchainDB vs. Couchbase vs. IBM Db2 vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison BigchainDB vs. Couchbase vs. IBM Db2 vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBigchainDB  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionBigchainDB is scalable blockchain database offering decentralization, immutability and native assetsA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesCommon in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/LinuxWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDBRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Document store
RDF store infoin Db2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
Spatial DBMS infowith Db2 Spatial Extender
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.78
Rank#199  Overall
#33  Document stores
Score28.78
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score157.23
Rank#7  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score618.00
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.bigchaindb.comwww.couchbase.comwww.ibm.com/­analytics/­db2www.postgresql.org
Technical documentationbigchaindb.readthedocs.io/­en/­latestdocs.couchbase.comwww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSEPGGwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.IBMPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201620111983 infohost version1989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current releaseServer: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 202112.1, October 201614.4, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL v3Open Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availablecommercial infofree version is availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces cost
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Implementation languagePythonC, C++, Go and ErlangC and C++C
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.yesyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsCLI Client
RESTful HTTP API
Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsADO.NET
JDBC
JSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
ODBC
XQuery
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesGo
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptyesuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux Versionpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
yes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes,with MongoDB ord RethinkDByesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsno
User concepts infoAccess controlyesUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
BigchainDBCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2PostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

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BigchainDBCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2PostgreSQL
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