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DBMS > BigchainDB vs. Citus vs. HyperSQL vs. Postgres-XL

System Properties Comparison BigchainDB vs. Citus vs. HyperSQL vs. Postgres-XL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBigchainDB  Xexclude from comparisonCitus  Xexclude from comparisonHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionBigchainDB is scalable blockchain database offering decentralization, immutability and native assetsScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLMultithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java infoalso known as HSQLDBBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster features
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.83
Rank#180  Overall
#27  Document stores
Score1.24
Rank#151  Overall
#74  Relational DBMS
Score5.49
Rank#69  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score0.56
Rank#218  Overall
#104  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.bigchaindb.comwww.citusdata.comhsqldb.orgwww.postgres-xl.org
Technical documentationbigchaindb.readthedocs.io/­en/­latestdocs.citusdata.comhsqldb.org/­web/­hsqlDocsFrame.htmlwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentation
Initial release2016201020012014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB
Current release8.1, December 20182.5.2, June 202010 R1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL v3Open Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infobased on BSD licenseOpen Source infoMozilla public license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languagePythonCJavaC
Server operating systemsLinuxLinuxAll OS with a Java VM infoEmbedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modesLinux
macOS
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynoyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionality
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsyesyes infodistributed, parallel query execution
APIs and other access methodsCLI Client
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
HTTP API infoJDBC via HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesGo
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Java
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.Java, SQLuser defined functions
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnonehorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoMVCC
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes,with MongoDB ord RethinkDByesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
BigchainDBCitusHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBPostgres-XL
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Global Automotive Blockchain Market Size with Growing Technologies and Forecast Report to 2027 | Bigchaindb, Shiftmobility, Context Labs, Cube, Carblock, NXM Labs, Xain, HCL Technologies,
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