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DBMS > BigchainDB vs. Citus vs. FoundationDB vs. Heroic

System Properties Comparison BigchainDB vs. Citus vs. FoundationDB vs. Heroic

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBigchainDB  Xexclude from comparisonCitus  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonHeroic  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionBigchainDB is scalable blockchain database offering decentralization, immutability and native assetsScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Time Series DBMS built at Spotify based on Cassandra or Google Cloud Bigtable, and ElasticSearch
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Time Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.83
Rank#180  Overall
#27  Document stores
Score1.24
Rank#151  Overall
#74  Relational DBMS
Score1.05
Rank#165  Overall
#24  Document stores
#30  Key-value stores
#81  Relational DBMS
Score0.51
Rank#226  Overall
#14  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.bigchaindb.comwww.citusdata.comwww.foundationdb.orgspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­index
Technical documentationbigchaindb.readthedocs.io/­en/­latestdocs.citusdata.comapple.github.io/­foundationdbspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­docs/­overview
DeveloperFoundationDBSpotify
Initial release2016201020132014
Current release8.1, December 20186.2.11, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL v3Open Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languagePythonCC++Java
Server operating systemsLinuxLinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesno infosome layers support typingyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalityno
Secondary indexesyesnoyes infovia Elasticsearch
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infostandard, with numerous extensionssupported in specific SQL layer onlyno
APIs and other access methodsCLI Client
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
HQL (Heroic Query Language, a JSON-based language)
HTTP API
Supported programming languagesGo
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.in SQL-layer onlyno
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsyesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesin SQL-layer onlyno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes,with MongoDB ord RethinkDByesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
BigchainDBCitusFoundationDBHeroic
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Blockchain for Enterprise Applications Market R & D including top key players Barclays, BigchainDB, Block Array, ConsenSys
25 September 2020, The Daily Chronicle

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