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DBMS > BigchainDB vs. Cassandra vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison BigchainDB vs. Cassandra vs. Neo4j

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBigchainDB  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionBigchainDB is scalable blockchain database offering decentralization, immutability and native assetsWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessOpen source graph database
Primary database modelDocument storeWide column storeGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.68
Rank#184  Overall
#28  Document stores
Score120.07
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score50.81
Rank#21  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.bigchaindb.comcassandra.apache.orgneo4j.com
Technical documentationbigchaindb.readthedocs.io/­en/­latestcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release201620082007
Current release3.11.6, February 20204.0.2, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL v3Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languagePythonJavaJava, Scala
Server operating systemsLinuxBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)no
APIs and other access methodsCLI Client
RESTful HTTP API
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesGo
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersyesyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infono "single point of failure"none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes,with MongoDB ord RethinkDByesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlyesAccess rights for users can be defined per objectUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
BigchainDBCassandraNeo4j
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Detecting Cryptocurrency Fraud with Neo4j
30 March 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Neo4j BI Connector, COVID-19, Supply Chain Management
28 March 2020

Q+A with Keith Hare: Newest Neo4j Team Member, Active in the Database Query Standards Process Since 1988
27 March 2020

Announcing Graphs4Good GraphHack
26 March 2020

Getting Started with the Neo4j BI Connector
24 March 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
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Instaclustr: Fully Hosted and Managed Apache Cassandra
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
BigchainDBCassandraNeo4j
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Conferences and events

DataStax Accelerate
San Diego, California, USA, 11-13 May 2020

GraphConnect 2020
Postponed to 2021 due to COVID-19, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

2020 Blockchain for Enterprise Applications Industry In-depth Research Methodology: Barclays, BigchainDB, Block Array, ConsenSys, Digital Asset Holdings, Ericsson, Ethereum, Everledger
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6 March 2020, TechTarget

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26 March 2020, TechNative

provided by Google News

Neo4j Extends Graph Databases to the Relational World
1 April 2020, ITPro Today

Neo4j CEO talks growing enterprise graph adoption and why partnering with Google makes sense
12 March 2020, Diginomica

Chart-topper Neo4j makes connections in effort to nudge graph DBs into the mainstream
26 March 2020, The Register

Business intelligence, meet graph. Neo4j introduces BI connector for data discovery tools
24 March 2020, ZDNet

Look ma, no code: TigerGraph looks to attract wider audience for niche-but-growing DB segment
16 March 2020, The Register

provided by Google News

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