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DBMS > BigchainDB vs. Cassandra vs. MongoDB

System Properties Comparison BigchainDB vs. Cassandra vs. MongoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBigchainDB  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionBigchainDB is scalable blockchain database offering decentralization, immutability and native assetsWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructure
Primary database modelDocument storeWide column storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.77
Rank#199  Overall
#32  Document stores
Score115.45
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score480.73
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Websitewww.bigchaindb.comcassandra.apache.orgwww.mongodb.com
Technical documentationbigchaindb.readthedocs.io/­en/­latestcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.mongodb.com/­manual
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookMongoDB, Inc
Initial release201620082009
Current release4.0.4, May 20225.0.9, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL v3Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languagePythonJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinuxBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatial
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)Read-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BI
APIs and other access methodsCLI Client
RESTful HTTP API
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
proprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languagesGo
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJavaScript
Triggersyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas only
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possible
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes,with MongoDB ord RethinkDByesyes infooptional, enabled by default
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlyesAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
BigchainDBCassandraMongoDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
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MongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
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Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
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ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
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Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
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200+ million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
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Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
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MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
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