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DBMS > BigObject vs. dBASE vs. Microsoft Access vs. PostgreSQL vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison BigObject vs. dBASE vs. Microsoft Access vs. PostgreSQL vs. SQLite

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBigObject  Xexclude from comparisondBASE  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for real-time computations and queriesdBase was one of the first databases with a development environment on PC's. Its latest version dBase V is still sold as dBase classic, which needs a DOS Emulation. The up-to-date product is dBase plus.Microsoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoa hierachical model (tree) can be imposedRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.21
Rank#324  Overall
#143  Relational DBMS
Score14.20
Rank#43  Overall
#27  Relational DBMS
Score133.83
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score617.97
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score132.44
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitebigobject.iowww.dbase.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accesswww.postgresql.orgwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationdocs.bigobject.iowww.dbase.com/­support/­knowledgebasedeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accesswww.postgresql.org/­docswww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperBigObject, Inc.Asthon TateMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release2015197919921989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2000
Current releasedBASE 2019, 20191902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 201915.1, November 20223.40.0  (16 November 2022), November 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree community edition availablecommercialcommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++CC
Server operating systemsLinux infodistributed as a docker-image
OS X infodistributed as a docker-image (boot2docker)
Windows infodistributed as a docker-image (boot2docker)
DOS infodBase Classic
Windows infodBase Pro
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
server-less
Data schemeyesyesyesyesyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsnoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsfluentd
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
none infoThe IDE can access other DBMS or ODBC-sources.ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesdBase proprietary IDEC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresLuano infoThe IDE can access stored procedures in other database systems.yes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.no
Triggersnonoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnonenonenoneSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoautomatically between fact table and dimension tablesyesyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanono infonot for dBase internal data, but IDE does support transactions when accessing external DBMSACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoRead/write lock on objects (tables, trees)yesyesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users and rolesno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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