DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the first and only COTS deterministic embedded database management system for mission- and safety-critical hard real-time applicationsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > BigObject vs. FoundationDB vs. H2 vs. HyperSQL vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison BigObject vs. FoundationDB vs. H2 vs. HyperSQL vs. Oracle

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBigObject  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for real-time computations and queriesOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Multithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java infoalso known as HSQLDBWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoa hierachical model (tree) can be imposedDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.08
Rank#309  Overall
#140  Relational DBMS
Score1.30
Rank#149  Overall
#26  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#72  Relational DBMS
Score10.12
Rank#47  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score5.04
Rank#73  Overall
#40  Relational DBMS
Score1281.74
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitebigobject.iowww.foundationdb.orgwww.h2database.comhsqldb.orgwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.bigobject.ioapple.github.io/­foundationdbwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlhsqldb.org/­web/­hsqlDocsFrame.htmldocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperBigObject, Inc.FoundationDBThomas MuellerOracle
Initial release20152013200520011980
Current release6.2.28, November 20201.4.200, October 20192.6.1, October 202119c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree community edition availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infobased on BSD licensecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++JavaJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux infodistributed as a docker-image
OS X infodistributed as a docker-image (boot2docker)
Windows infodistributed as a docker-image (boot2docker)
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VM infoEmbedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modesAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typingyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementssupported in specific SQL layer onlyyesyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsfluentd
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP API infoJDBC via HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
JavaAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Java
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresLuain SQL-layer onlyJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsJava, SQLPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersnonoyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnonenoneSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneyesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databasenoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneLinearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoautomatically between fact table and dimension tablesin SQL-layer onlyyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoRead/write lock on objects (tables, trees)yesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlnonofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesSQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
BigObjectFoundationDBH2HyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBOracle
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Intel Joins Hands with Snowflake to Improve Clients’ Experience
23 November 2021, Nasdaq

FoundationDB, a very interesting NoSQL database owned by Apple, is now an open-source project
19 April 2018, GeekWire

Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

Apple’s FoundationDB open sources the database layer behind CloudKit
14 January 2019, 9to5Mac

FoundationDB's Record Layer Supports Relational Database Semantics, Schema Management and Indexing
10 February 2019, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

How to Set Up a New Database With LibreOffice Base
19 November 2020, MakeUseOf

DataGrip 1.0: A New IDE for DBs and SQL
31 December 2015, DZone News

provided by Google News

Sponsored post: How Deutsche Bank stays nimble amid the fintech boom
3 December 2021, TechCrunch

AWS Working to Scale Aurora DB Writes Globally, Like Spanner
3 December 2021, Datanami

Quest Releases SharePlex 10.1.2 to Help Customers Get More
22 November 2021, GlobeNewswire

Amazon (AMZN) Boosts AWS Offerings With Database Capabilities
3 December 2021, Nasdaq

Global Database Software Market Report 2021-2025 Featuring Amazon, International Business Machines , Microsoft, & Oracle
2 December 2021, Yahoo Finance

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Software Engineer
Consumer Direct Care Network, Missoula, MT

Data Integration Engineer, Sales Compensation
Uber, Chicago, IL

Associate Full Stack Software Developer
Maxar Technologies, Ypsilanti, MI

Business Support Specialist
Diligene, New York, NY

Oracle Database Engineer
NEOGOV, Remote

Sr. Database Administrator, Oracle
Foot Locker, United States

Oracle DBA
SourceDP, New York, NY

Sr. Oracle Database Administrator and/or Engineer:
iConsulting Group, Berlin, MD

Oracle Database Administrator
FedEx Supply Chain, Texas

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Present your product here