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DBMS > BigObject vs. Derby vs. Realm vs. TimescaleDB vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison BigObject vs. Derby vs. Realm vs. TimescaleDB vs. YugabyteDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBigObject  Xexclude from comparisonDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for real-time computations and queriesFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.A DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQLHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoa hierachical model (tree) can be imposedRelational DBMSDocument storeTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMSDocument store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.08
Rank#312  Overall
#136  Relational DBMS
Score4.62
Rank#68  Overall
#38  Relational DBMS
Score9.79
Rank#44  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score2.90
Rank#93  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Score0.95
Rank#177  Overall
#89  Relational DBMS
Websitebigobject.iodb.apache.org/­derbyrealm.iowww.timescale.comwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationdocs.bigobject.iodb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlrealm.io/­docsdocs.timescale.comdocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperBigObject, Inc.Apache Software FoundationRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019TimescaleYugabyte Inc.
Initial release20151997201420172017
Current release10.15.2.0, March 20202.4, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree community edition availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaCC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux infodistributed as a docker-image
OS X infodistributed as a docker-image (boot2docker)
Windows infodistributed as a docker-image (boot2docker)
All OS with a Java VMAndroid
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeyesyesyesyesdepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesnoyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntaxyes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsfluentd
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
JDBCADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
Supported programming languagesJava.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresLuaJava Stored Proceduresno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessaryuser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shellyes infosql, plpgsql, C
Triggersnoyesyes infoChange Listenersyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenoneyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributesHash and Range Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneSource-replica replicationnoneSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas infoBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyStrong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoautomatically between fact table and dimension tablesyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDACIDDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoRead/write lock on objects (tables, trees)yesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes infoIn-Memory realmnono
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes
More information provided by the system vendor
BigObjectDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBRealmTimescaleDBYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsNow a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Timescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source relational database...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
TimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
DevOps and Infrastructure Monitoring All monitoring data is time-series data. Efficiently...
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
TransferWise, Maersk, AppDynamics, Walmart, Comcast, LaunchDarkly, IBM, NOV, Cisco,...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
With over 9,000 GitHub stars and growing, 600,000 active databases, and an active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more
TimescaleDB comes in 3 versions, including fully managed Cloud-hosted solutions*,...
» more

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More resources
BigObjectDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBRealmTimescaleDBYugabyteDB
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