DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > BaseX vs. PostgreSQL vs. Spark SQL vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison BaseX vs. PostgreSQL vs. Spark SQL vs. TimesTen

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBaseX  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLight-weight Native XML DBMS with support for XQuery 3.0 and interactive GUI.Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processingIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelNative XML DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.80
Rank#128  Overall
#4  Native XML DBMS
Score568.51
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score20.84
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Score1.95
Rank#121  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Websitebasex.orgwww.postgresql.orgspark.apache.org/­sqlwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationdocs.basex.orgwww.postgresql.org/­docsspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.htmldocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
DeveloperBaseX GmbHPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerApache Software FoundationOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release20071989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL20141998
Current release9.5.2, May 202113.3, May 20213.1.1, March 202111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSD licenseOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaCScala
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infoXQuery supports typesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infostandard with numerous extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTXQ
WebDAV
XML:DB
XQJ
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesActionscript
C
C#
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
Qt
Rebol
Ruby
Scala
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Java
Python
R
Scala
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.noPL/SQL
Triggersyes infovia eventsyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashyes, utilizing Spark Corenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsnoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datamultiple readers, single writerACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept on 4 levelsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesEDB: Helping organizations get the most from PostgreSQL, Oracle Migration, High Availability, Security
» more

CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
BaseXPostgreSQLSpark SQLTimesTen
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

XML Databases Software Market 2021, Advantage, Disadvantage, Market Strategy and growth Prospects to 2027 | Apache, BaseX, Clusterpoint, eXistdb, Flexter – The Manomet Current
17 June 2021, The Manomet Current

BaseX: Free, open source XML wrangling
3 March 2015, Network World

GraphQL And The Rise of Universal Data Access
28 October 2019, Forbes

Shared Micromobility Market to Garner Brimming Revenues with Global Companies like Spin, Neutron Holdings, Lyft, Citi Bike, Bird, HOPR, Jump Bikes, Ojo, Uber – The Manomet Current
23 June 2021, The Manomet Current

Walking Assist Devices Market to Witness Robust Expansion by 2026 with Top Companies like Invacare, Ossenberg, Besco Medical, Drive Medical, Betterlifehealthcare – The Manomet Current
16 June 2021, The Manomet Current

provided by Google News

EDB turns up the heat on PostgreSQL to fire up enterprise database market
21 June 2021, SiliconANGLE News

PostgreSQL benefits and challenges: A snapshot
27 May 2021, InfoWorld

Postgres Professional adds enterprise-features, PostgreSQL 13 updates
8 June 2021, VentureBeat

Staying power: the growing impact of PostgreSQL on enterprise marks Postgres Vision 2021
15 June 2021, SiliconANGLE News

Deploying a Data Warehouse With PostgreSQL
2 June 2021, CDOTrends

provided by Google News

Evolution of Azure Synapse: Apache Spark 3.0, GPU Acceleration, Delta Lake, Dataverse Support
29 May 2021, InfoQ.com

Accelerating Deep Learning on the JVM with Apache Spark and NVIDIA GPUs
16 June 2021, Illinoisnewstoday.com

Open Data Hub: A Meta Project for AI/ML Work
14 June 2021, Datanami

Spark 3.0 Brings Big SQL Speed-Up, Better Python Hooks
25 June 2020, Datanami

The CIO's Guide to Building a Rockstar Data Science and AI Team | eWEEK
15 June 2021, eWeek

provided by Google News

The Guy That Created SAP's Hottest Product Ever Thinks It Will Clobber Oracle
25 January 2012, Business Insider

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Data Technician (Full- or Part-Time)
Thasos Group, New York, NY

Customer Success Manager
Underdog.io, Remote

Data Analyst
Location3, Denver, CO

PostgreSQL DBA
Dovel Technologies, LLC, College Park, MD

Software Engineer II - PostgreSQL Admin
7-Eleven, Inc., Irving, TX

Data Science
Nauto, Palo Alto, CA

Entry Level Big Data Engineer
Comcast, West Chester, PA

Data Architect
A Place for Mom, Remote

Data Engineer
Unilever, Rogers, AR

Data Architect - Data Lake & Analytics - Nationwide Opportunities
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Birmingham, AL

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Present your product here