DBMS > BaseX vs. PostgreSQL vs. Snowflake vs. TimesTen
System Properties Comparison BaseX vs. PostgreSQL vs. Snowflake vs. TimesTen
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||BaseX Xexclude from comparison||PostgreSQL Xexclude from comparison||Snowflake Xexclude from comparison||TimesTen Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Light-weight Native XML DBMS with support for XQuery 3.0 and interactive GUI.||Widely used open source RDBMS Developed as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL||Cloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data||In-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle|
|Primary database model||Native XML DBMS||Relational DBMS with object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||BaseX GmbH||PostgreSQL Global Development Group www.postgresql.org/developer||Snowflake Computing Inc.||Oracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP originally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005|
|Initial release||2007||1989 1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL||2014||1998|
|Current release||9.5.2, May 2021||13.3, May 2021||11 Release 2 (184.108.40.206.0)|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source BSD license||Open Source BSD||commercial||commercial|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||yes||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.|
|Server operating systems||Linux|
|Data scheme||schema-free||yes||yes support of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)||yes|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||no XQuery supports types||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes specific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.||yes||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||no||yes standard with numerous extensions||yes||yes|
|APIs and other access methods||Java API|
RESTful HTTP API
native C library
streaming API for large objects
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
|Supported programming languages||Actionscript|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes||user defined functions realized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.||user defined functions||PL/SQL|
|Triggers||yes via events||yes||no similar concept for controling cloud resources||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||none||partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash||yes||none|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||none||Source-replica replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions||yes||Multi-source replication|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||no||yes||yes||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||multiple readers, single writer||ACID||ACID||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes||yes by means of logfiles and checkpoints|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||no||yes|
|User concepts Access control||Users with fine-grained authorization concept on 4 levels||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||Users with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard|
More information provided by the system vendor
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|Related products and services|
|3rd parties||Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.|
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EDB: Helping organizations get the most from PostgreSQL, Oracle Migration, High Availability, Security
Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.
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