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DBMS > BaseX vs. PostgreSQL vs. RRDtool vs. SAP HANA vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison BaseX vs. PostgreSQL vs. RRDtool vs. SAP HANA vs. TimesTen

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBaseX  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonRRDtool  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLight-weight Native XML DBMS with support for XQuery 3.0 and interactive GUI.Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLIndustry standard data logging and graphing tool for time series data. RRD is an acronym for round-robin database. infoThe data is stored in a circular buffer, thus the system storage footprint remains constant over time.In-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelNative XML DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Time Series DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.71
Rank#133  Overall
#4  Native XML DBMS
Score577.50
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score2.44
Rank#112  Overall
#7  Time Series DBMS
Score56.24
Rank#19  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score2.01
Rank#119  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Websitebasex.orgwww.postgresql.orgoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtoolwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationdocs.basex.orgwww.postgresql.org/­docsoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool/­dochelp.sap.com/­hanadocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
DeveloperBaseX GmbHPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerTobias OetikerSAPOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release20071989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL199920101998
Current release9.6, August 202113.4, August 20211.7.2, May 20192.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 202011 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSD licenseOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoGPL V2 and FLOSScommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono infoalso available as a cloud based serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaCC infoImplementations in Java (e.g. RRD4J) and C# available
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
HP-UX
Linux
Appliance or cloud-serviceAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infoXQuery supports typesyesNumeric data onlyyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no infoExporting into and restoring from XML files possiblenono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infostandard with numerous extensionsnoyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTXQ
WebDAV
XML:DB
XQJ
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
in-process shared library
Pipes
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesActionscript
C
C#
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
Qt
Rebol
Ruby
Scala
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C infowith librrd library
C# infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Java infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
JavaScript (Node.js) infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Lua
Perl
PHP infowith a wrapper library
Python
Ruby
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.noSQLScript, RPL/SQL
Triggersyes infovia eventsyesnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnoneyesnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsnoneyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datamultiple readers, single writerACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoby using the rrdcached daemonyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept on 4 levelsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
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