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DBMS > BaseX vs. Memgraph vs. PostgreSQL vs. Prometheus

System Properties Comparison BaseX vs. Memgraph vs. PostgreSQL vs. Prometheus

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBaseX  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonPrometheus  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLight-weight Native XML DBMS with support for XQuery 3.0 and interactive GUI.A hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scaleWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLOpen-source TimeSeries DBMS and monitoring system
Primary database modelNative XML DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Time Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.90
Rank#128  Overall
#4  Native XML DBMS
Score0.08
Rank#305  Overall
#29  Graph DBMS
Score552.23
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score5.71
Rank#64  Overall
#3  Time Series DBMS
Websitebasex.orgmemgraph.comwww.postgresql.orgprometheus.io
Technical documentationdocs.basex.orgdocs.memgraph.comwww.postgresql.org/­docsprometheus.io/­docs
DeveloperBaseX GmbHMemgraph LtdPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release200720171989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2015
Current release9.4.6, January 202113.1, November 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSD licensecommercial infoFree license availableOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaC and C++CGo
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infoXQuery supports typesyesyesNumeric data only
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no infoImport of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infostandard with numerous extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTXQ
WebDAV
XML:DB
XQJ
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesActionscript
C
C#
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
Qt
Rebol
Ruby
Scala
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C++
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.no
Triggersyes infovia eventsyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infodynamic graph partitioningpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMulti-source replication using RAFTSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsyes infoby Federation
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes inforelationships in graphsyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datamultiple readers, single writerACID infowith snapshot isolationACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept on 4 levelsUsers, roles and permissionsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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