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DBMS > BaseX vs. Memgraph vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison BaseX vs. Memgraph vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBaseX  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLight-weight Native XML DBMS with support for XQuery 3.0 and interactive GUI.A hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scaleWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelNative XML DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.57
Rank#133  Overall
#4  Native XML DBMS
Score0.20
Rank#283  Overall
#23  Graph DBMS
Score553.52
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitebasex.orgmemgraph.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.basex.orgdocs.memgraph.comwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperBaseX GmbHMemgraph LtdPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release200720171989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release9.5.1, April 202113.2 , February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSD licensecommercial infoFree license availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC and C++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infoXQuery supports typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTXQ
WebDAV
XML:DB
XQJ
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesActionscript
C
C#
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
Qt
Rebol
Ruby
Scala
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyes infovia eventsyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infodynamic graph partitioningpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMulti-source replication using RAFTSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datamultiple readers, single writerACID infowith snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept on 4 levelsUsers, roles and permissionsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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