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DBMS > BaseX vs. Hawkular Metrics vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Tarantool vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison BaseX vs. Hawkular Metrics vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Tarantool vs. TimescaleDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBaseX  Xexclude from comparisonHawkular Metrics  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonTarantool  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLight-weight Native XML DBMS with support for XQuery 3.0 and interactive GUI.Hawkular metrics is the metric storage of the Red Hat sponsored Hawkular monitoring system. It is based on Cassandra.Microsofts flagship relational DBMSIn-memory database with an integrated application serverA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelNative XML DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value storeTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Relational DBMS
Spatial DBMS infowith Tarantool/GIS extension
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.52
Rank#140  Overall
#4  Native XML DBMS
Score0.03
Rank#329  Overall
#31  Time Series DBMS
Score954.02
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1.65
Rank#134  Overall
#24  Key-value stores
Score4.38
Rank#81  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitebasex.orgwww.hawkular.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.tarantool.iowww.timescale.com
Technical documentationdocs.basex.orgwww.hawkular.org/­hawkular-metrics/­docs/­user-guidedocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.tarantool.io/­en/­docdocs.timescale.com
DeveloperBaseX GmbHCommunity supported by Red HatMicrosoftMail.ru GroupTimescale
Initial release20072014198920082017
Current release9.6.3, October 2021SQL Server 2019, November 20192.4.2, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSD licenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++C and C++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Windows
BSD
Linux
macOS
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesschema-free, schema definition possibleyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infoXQuery supports typesyesyesstring, double, decimal, uuid, integer, blob, booleannumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesFull-featured ANSI SQL supportyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTXQ
WebDAV
XML:DB
XQJ
HTTP RESTADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Open binary protocolADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesActionscript
C
C#
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
Qt
Rebol
Ruby
Scala
Visual Basic
Go
Java
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Rust
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaLua, C and SQL stored proceduresuser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersyes infovia eventsyes infovia Hawkular Alertingyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infobased on Cassandratables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationHash sharding based on virtual bucketsyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneselectable replication factor infobased on Cassandrayes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes, with SQLyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datamultiple readers, single writernoACIDACID, read commitedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes, cooperative multitaskingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes, regular snapshots on disk, write ahead loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes, full featured in-memory storage engine with persistenceno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept on 4 levelsnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
BaseXHawkular MetricsMicrosoft SQL ServerTarantoolTimescaleDB
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