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DBMS > BaseX vs. GridDB vs. Memgraph vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison BaseX vs. GridDB vs. Memgraph vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBaseX  Xexclude from comparisonGridDB  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLight-weight Native XML DBMS with support for XQuery 3.0 and interactive GUI.Scalable in-memory time series database optimized for IoT and Big DataA hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scaleWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelNative XML DBMSTime Series DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.90
Rank#128  Overall
#4  Native XML DBMS
Score0.83
Rank#184  Overall
#10  Time Series DBMS
Score0.08
Rank#305  Overall
#29  Graph DBMS
Score552.23
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitebasex.orggriddb.netmemgraph.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.basex.orgdocs.griddb.netdocs.memgraph.comwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperBaseX GmbHToshiba CorporationMemgraph LtdPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release2007201320171989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release9.4.6, January 20214.5, June 202013.1, November 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSD licenseOpen Source infoAGPL version 3 and Apache License, version 2.0 , commercial license (standard and advanced editions) also availablecommercial infoFree license availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++C and C++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinuxFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free and schema-optionalyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infoXQuery supports typesyes infonumerical, string, blob, geometry, boolean, timestampyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL92, SQL-like TQL (Toshiba Query Language)noyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTXQ
WebDAV
XML:DB
XQJ
Proprietary protocolBolt protocol
Cypher query language
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesActionscript
C
C#
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
Qt
Rebol
Ruby
Scala
Visual Basic
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyes infovia eventsyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infodynamic graph partitioningpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication using RAFTSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoConnector for using GridDB as an input source and output destination for Hadoop MapReduce jobsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate consistency within container, eventual consistency across containersImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datamultiple readers, single writerACID at container levelACID infowith snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept on 4 levelsAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseUsers, roles and permissionsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
BaseXGridDBMemgraphPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsGridDB is a highly scalable, in-memory time series database optimized for IoT and...
» more
Competitive advantages1. Optimized for IoT Equipped with Toshiba's proprietary key-container data model...
» more
Typical application scenariosFactory IoT, Automative Industry, Energy, BEMS, Smart Community, Monitoring system.
» more
Key customersDenso International [see use case ] An Electric Power company [see use case ] Ishinomaki...
» more
Market metricsGitHub trending repository
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source license (AGPL v3 & Apache v2) Commercial license (subscription)
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