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DBMS > BaseX vs. Google BigQuery vs. PostgreSQL vs. RavenDB vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison BaseX vs. Google BigQuery vs. PostgreSQL vs. RavenDB vs. TimesTen

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBaseX  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonRavenDB  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLight-weight Native XML DBMS with support for XQuery 3.0 and interactive GUI.Large scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLOpen Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document DatabaseIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelNative XML DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Document storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.71
Rank#133  Overall
#4  Native XML DBMS
Score43.92
Rank#25  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Score577.50
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score3.46
Rank#92  Overall
#16  Document stores
Score2.01
Rank#119  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Websitebasex.orgcloud.google.com/­bigquerywww.postgresql.orgravendb.netwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationdocs.basex.orgcloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docswww.postgresql.org/­docsravendb.net/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
DeveloperBaseX GmbHGooglePostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerHibernating RhinosOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release200720101989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL20101998
Current release9.6, August 202113.4, August 20215.2, June 202111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSD licensecommercialOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaCC#
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infoXQuery supports typesyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infostandard with numerous extensionsSQL-like query language (RQL)yes
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTXQ
WebDAV
XML:DB
XQJ
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
.NET Client API
Java Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesActionscript
C
C#
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
Qt
Rebol
Ruby
Scala
Visual Basic
.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functions infoin JavaScriptuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yesPL/SQL
Triggersyes infovia eventsnoyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infoMapReduce functions can be defined in Linqno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datamultiple readers, single writerno infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying dataACIDACID, Cluster-wide transaction availableACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept on 4 levelsAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) for whole datasets, not for individual tables infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess control on document level using the Authorization Bundlefine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
BaseXGoogle BigQueryPostgreSQLRavenDBTimesTen
Specific characteristicsRavenDB is the pioneer NoSQL Document Database that is fully transactional (ACID)...
» more
Competitive advantagesRavenDB is easy to setup and secure. You can do it in a matter of minutes . Easy...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT for Edge Deployments Fraud Detection Recommendation Engines Product Catalogs...
» more
Key customersToyota, Capgemini, Vodafone, Medicaid, Asos, Nomura, RMS Automotive, MSNBC, Pluralsight,...
» more
Market metrics2 million+ downloads 1000+ customers including Fortune 500 large enterprises
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRavenDB is available on-premise and in the cloud. RavenDB Cloud is available on AWS...
» more

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More resources
BaseXGoogle BigQueryPostgreSQLRavenDBTimesTen
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