DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > BaseX vs. Drizzle vs. Memgraph vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Nebula Graph

System Properties Comparison BaseX vs. Drizzle vs. Memgraph vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Nebula Graph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBaseX  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionLight-weight Native XML DBMS with support for XQuery 3.0 and interactive GUI.MySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.A hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scaleGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelNative XML DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.78
Rank#129  Overall
#4  Native XML DBMS
Score0.08
Rank#302  Overall
#27  Graph DBMS
Score30.73
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score0.35
Rank#243  Overall
#19  Graph DBMS
Websitebasex.orgmemgraph.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationdocs.basex.orgdocs.memgraph.comdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperBaseX GmbHDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerMemgraph LtdMicrosoftVesoft Inc.
Initial release20072008201720142019
Current release9.4, July 20207.2.4, September 2012
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSD licenseOpen Source infoGNU GPLcommercial infoFree license availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++C and C++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
LinuxhostedLinux
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-freeStrong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infoXQuery supports typesyesyesyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoSQL-like query languageSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTXQ
WebDAV
XML:DB
XQJ
JDBCBolt protocol
Cypher query language
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languagesActionscript
C
C#
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
Qt
Rebol
Ruby
Scala
Visual Basic
C
C++
Java
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoJavaScript
Triggersyes infovia eventsno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.JavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infodynamic graph partitioningSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication using RAFTyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceCausal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes inforelationships in graphsnoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datamultiple readers, single writerACIDACID infowith snapshot isolationMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changesyesyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept on 4 levelsPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPUsers, roles and permissionsAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
BaseXDrizzleMemgraphMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBNebula Graph
Specific characteristicsNebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received over nearly three thousand...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
News

New Players: Something You Should Know When Reading Nebula Graph Source Code
4 August 2020

Pick of the Week 31 at Nebula Graph - GO with int Type
31 July 2020

Pick of the Week 30 at Nebula Graph - FETCH Syntax Goes Further with New Features
24 July 2020

Why Using Hugo as Static Site Generator - Hands-on Experience at Nebula Graph
21 July 2020

Pick of the Week 29 at Nebula Graph - SQL vs nGQL & Job Manager in Nebula Graph
17 July 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
BaseXDrizzleMemgraphMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBNebula Graph
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL won the April ranking; did its forks follow?
1 April 2015, Paul Andlinger

Has MySQL finally lost its mojo?
1 July 2013, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

BaseX: Free, open source XML wrangling
3 March 2015, Network World

GraphQL And The Rise of Universal Data Access
28 October 2019, Forbes

Diagnosis Needed - Windows 7
27 April 2020, BleepingComputer

How open offices prohibit productivity and social interaction
15 February 2019, Ladders

Slow Down, Brave Multitasker, and Don't Read This in Traffic
25 March 2007, New York Times

provided by Google News

United States Graph Database Market Production, Growth, Share, Demand and Applications Forecast to 2028
3 August 2020, WOLE TV

Graph Database Market 2020-2025 Size, Cost, Gross, Market Share and CAGR Values Detailed Analysis by- IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j, OrientDB, TIBCO, Franz, OpenLink Software, MarkLogic, TigerGraph, DataStax, Ontotext, Stardog, Cray, ArangoDB , Bitnine, Objectivity, Memgraph, Cambridge Semantics, Fluree, and Blazegraph
15 July 2020, Owned

Covid-19 Outbreak: Graph database Market 2020-2025 Key Player, Demand, Growth, Opportunities and Analysis Forecast
29 July 2020, Galus Australis

Global Graph Database Market 2020 Market Segment, Drivers, Trends, Forecast to 2025
12 July 2020, Owned

FactGem and Memgraph Partner to Give Clients Access to Real-Time, Transaction Based Analytics
1 February 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Microsoft Announces a New Pricing Model Option for Azure Cosmos DB and More Capabilities
3 June 2020, InfoQ.com

Microsoft to introduce a free tier of its Cosmos DB NoSQL database
5 March 2020, ZDNet

Microsoft introduces major Azure Cosmos DB changes
29 May 2020, TechRadar

Don’t Chase Growth With MongoDB
20 July 2020, Forbes

Microsoft introduces a more cost-effective way to use Azure Cosmos DB - MSPoweruser
25 May 2020, MSPoweruser

provided by Google News

Nebula Graph Joins Database Race
15 June 2020, Datanami

Nebula Graph Raises $8M in Series Pre-A Funding
15 June 2020, FinSMEs

ACE Redpoint Ventures's $8 Million Investment in Nebula Graph
11 June 2020, Global Legal Chronicle

Tracking the Spread of Coronavirus with Graph Databases
12 March 2020, Datanami

Shattuck Labs Closes $118M Series B Financing
15 June 2020, FinSMEs

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Azure cloud Lead
Infosys Limited, Long Beach, CA

Database Administrator - Contractor
WorkBoard, Redwood City, CA

Azure Developer
Infosys Limited, Austin, TX

Service Engineer 2
Microsoft, Las Colinas, TX

Software Engineer
Microsoft, Redmond, WA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Astra logo

Cassandra made easy in the cloud. Build cloud-native applications faster with CQL, REST and GraphQL APIs.
Try for Free.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Present your product here