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DBMS > BaseX vs. Drizzle vs. Grakn vs. Memgraph vs. Nebula Graph

System Properties Comparison BaseX vs. Drizzle vs. Grakn vs. Memgraph vs. Nebula Graph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBaseX  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionLight-weight Native XML DBMS with support for XQuery 3.0 and interactive GUI.MySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.Grakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.A hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scaleA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelNative XML DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Graph DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.78
Rank#129  Overall
#4  Native XML DBMS
Score0.76
Rank#187  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
#94  Relational DBMS
Score0.08
Rank#302  Overall
#27  Graph DBMS
Score0.35
Rank#243  Overall
#19  Graph DBMS
Websitebasex.orggrakn.aimemgraph.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationdocs.basex.orgdev.grakn.ai/­docsdocs.memgraph.comdocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperBaseX GmbHDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerGrakn LabsMemgraph LtdVesoft Inc.
Initial release20072008201620172019
Current release9.4, July 20207.2.4, September 20121.8.0, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSD licenseOpen Source infoGNU GPLOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availablecommercial infoFree license availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++JavaC and C++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Linux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesschema-free and schema-optionalStrong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infoXQuery supports typesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsnonoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTXQ
WebDAV
XML:DB
XQJ
JDBCconsole (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languagesActionscript
C
C#
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
Qt
Rebol
Ruby
Scala
Visual Basic
C
C++
Java
PHP
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnono
Triggersyes infovia eventsno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.no
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infoby using CassandraSharding infodynamic graph partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infoby using CassandraMulti-source replication using RAFTCausal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeepernono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno infosubstituted by the relationship featureyes inforelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datamultiple readers, single writerACIDACIDACID infowith snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changesyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept on 4 levelsPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressUsers, roles and permissionsRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
BaseXDrizzleGraknMemgraphNebula Graph
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
Nebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Nebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
Nebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
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