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DBMS > BaseX vs. Drizzle vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Memgraph

System Properties Comparison BaseX vs. Drizzle vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Memgraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBaseX  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionLight-weight Native XML DBMS with support for XQuery 3.0 and interactive GUI.MySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.A horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.A hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scale
Primary database modelNative XML DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.84
Rank#129  Overall
#4  Native XML DBMS
Score2.78
Rank#104  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
Score0.13
Rank#292  Overall
#26  Graph DBMS
Websitebasex.orgcloud.google.com/­spannermemgraph.com
Technical documentationdocs.basex.orgcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdocs.memgraph.com
DeveloperBaseX GmbHDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerGoogleMemgraph Ltd
Initial release2007200820172017
Current release9.4.3, September 20207.2.4, September 2012
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSD licenseOpen Source infoGNU GPLcommercialcommercial infoFree license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++C and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
hostedLinux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infoXQuery supports typesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011no
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTXQ
WebDAV
XML:DB
XQJ
JDBCgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Supported programming languagesActionscript
C
C#
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
Qt
Rebol
Ruby
Scala
Visual Basic
C
C++
Java
PHP
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnono
Triggersyes infovia eventsno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.no
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardingSharding infodynamic graph partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Multi-source replication using RAFT
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datamultiple readers, single writerACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationACID infowith snapshot isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept on 4 levelsPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users, roles and permissions

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More resources
BaseXDrizzleGoogle Cloud SpannerMemgraph
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