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DBMS > BaseX vs. CockroachDB vs. Drizzle vs. Memgraph vs. Nebula Graph

System Properties Comparison BaseX vs. CockroachDB vs. Drizzle vs. Memgraph vs. Nebula Graph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBaseX  Xexclude from comparisonCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionLight-weight Native XML DBMS with support for XQuery 3.0 and interactive GUI.CockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.MySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.A hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scaleA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelNative XML DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.78
Rank#129  Overall
#4  Native XML DBMS
Score5.44
Rank#66  Overall
#36  Relational DBMS
Score0.08
Rank#302  Overall
#27  Graph DBMS
Score0.35
Rank#243  Overall
#19  Graph DBMS
Websitebasex.orgwww.cockroachlabs.commemgraph.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationdocs.basex.orgwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docsdocs.memgraph.comdocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperBaseX GmbHCockroach LabsDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerMemgraph LtdVesoft Inc.
Initial release20072015200820172019
Current release9.4, July 202019.2.6, April 20207.2.4, September 2012
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSD licenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Source infoGNU GPLcommercial infoFree license availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachCloud: Get your applications to market faster with a fully managed CockroachDB instance. Leave the daily maintenance, security, and operations of your database to us, and spend more time building apps and running your business.
Implementation languageJavaGoC++C and C++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
LinuxLinux
Data schemeschema-freedynamic schemayesschema-free and schema-optionalStrong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infoXQuery supports typesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTXQ
WebDAV
XML:DB
XQJ
JDBCJDBCBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languagesActionscript
C
C#
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
Qt
Rebol
Ruby
Scala
Visual Basic
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
C
C++
Java
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnono
Triggersyes infovia eventsnono infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTShardingSharding infodynamic graph partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMulti-source replication using RAFTMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication using RAFTCausal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyes inforelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datamultiple readers, single writerACIDACIDACID infowith snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changesyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept on 4 levelsRole-based access controlPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPUsers, roles and permissionsRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
BaseXCockroachDBDrizzleMemgraphNebula Graph
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a DistributedSQL database architected for modern cloud applications....
» more
Nebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Nebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersComcast, WeWork, LUSH, Bose, Kindred, Nubank, Baidu
» more
Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metrics7.5K+ long-running clusters 400+ CockroachDB Enterprise clusters 100+ CockroachCloud...
» more
At our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more
Nebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
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