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DBMS > BaseX vs. Blueflood vs. LevelDB vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison BaseX vs. Blueflood vs. LevelDB vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBaseX  Xexclude from comparisonBlueflood  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLight-weight Native XML DBMS with support for XQuery 3.0 and interactive GUI.Scalable TimeSeries DBMS based on CassandraEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelNative XML DBMSTime Series DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.48
Rank#142  Overall
#4  Native XML DBMS
Score0.05
Rank#320  Overall
#29  Time Series DBMS
Score3.08
Rank#98  Overall
#16  Key-value stores
Score106.42
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score40.04
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitebasex.orgblueflood.iogithub.com/­google/­leveldbmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
azure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationdocs.basex.orggithub.com/­rackerlabs/­blueflood/­wikigithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mdmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperBaseX GmbHRackspaceGoogleMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Microsoft
Initial release20072013201120092014
Current release9.6.4, December 20211.23, February 202110.6.5, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSD licenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoBSDOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++C and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Illumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freepredefined schemeschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infoXQuery supports typesyesnoyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesnonoyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononoyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTXQ
WebDAV
XML:DB
XQJ
HTTP RESTADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesActionscript
C
C#
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
Qt
Rebol
Ruby
Scala
Visual Basic
C++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnonoyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3JavaScript
Triggersyes infovia eventsnonoyesJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infobased on Cassandranoneseveral options for horizontal partitioning and ShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneselectable replication factor infobased on CassandranoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datamultiple readers, single writernonoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infowith MEMORY storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept on 4 levelsnonofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights can be defined down to the item level
More information provided by the system vendor
BaseXBluefloodLevelDBMariaDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

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More resources
BaseXBluefloodLevelDBMariaDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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