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DBMS > Badger vs. Datomic vs. OrientDB vs. XTDB

System Properties Comparison Badger vs. Datomic vs. OrientDB vs. XTDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBadger  Xexclude from comparisonDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonXTDB infoformerly named Crux  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn embeddable, persistent, simple and fast Key-Value Store, written purely in Go.Datomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)A general purpose database with bitemporal SQL and Datalog and graph queries
Primary database modelKey-value storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.12
Rank#306  Overall
#46  Key-value stores
Score1.70
Rank#138  Overall
#68  Relational DBMS
Score5.14
Rank#79  Overall
#14  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score0.00
Rank#354  Overall
#50  Document stores
Websitegithub.com/­dgraph-io/­badgerwww.datomic.comorientdb.orggithub.com/­xtdb/­xtdb
xtdb.com
Technical documentationgodoc.org/­github.com/­dgraph-io/­badgerdocs.datomic.comwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmlxtdb.com/­docs
DeveloperDGraph LabsCognitectOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPJuxt Ltd.
Initial release2017201220102019
Current release1.0.6362, January 20223.1.9, February 20211.19, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoMIT License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageGoJava, ClojureJavaClojure
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)All OS with a Java 8 (and higher) VM
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes, extensible-data-notation format
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query language, no joinslimited SQL, making use of Apache Calcite
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APITinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
HTTP REST
JDBC
Supported programming languagesGoClojure
Java
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Clojure
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoTransaction FunctionsJava, Javascriptno
TriggersnoBy using transaction functionsHooksno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnonenone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersMulti-source replicationyes, each node contains all data
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes inforelationship in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)yesyes, flexibel persistency by using storage technologies like Apache Kafka, RocksDB or LMDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes inforecommended only for testing and development
User concepts infoAccess controlnonoAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurable

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More resources
BadgerDatomicOrientDBXTDB infoformerly named Crux
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