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DBMS > Badger vs. Datomic vs. Kdb+ vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison Badger vs. Datomic vs. Kdb+ vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBadger  Xexclude from comparisonDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonKdb+  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn embeddable, persistent, simple and fast Key-Value Store, written purely in Go.Datomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityHigh performance Time Series DBMSScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelKey-value storeRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.12
Rank#311  Overall
#46  Key-value stores
Score1.75
Rank#131  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Score9.34
Rank#53  Overall
#2  Time Series DBMS
Score59.35
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score5.21
Rank#78  Overall
#15  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websitegithub.com/­dgraph-io/­badgerwww.datomic.comkx.comneo4j.comorientdb.org
Technical documentationgodoc.org/­github.com/­dgraph-io/­badgerdocs.datomic.comcode.kx.comneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperDGraph LabsCognitectKx Systems, a division of First Derivatives plcNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release201720122000 infokdb was released 2000, kdb+ in 200320072010
Current release1.0.6362, January 20223.6, May 20184.4.9, July 20223.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infolimited edition freecommercial infofree 32-bit versionOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageGoJava, ClojureqJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesnoyesyes infotable attribute 'grouped'yes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query language (q)noSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIHTTP API
JDBC
Jupyter
Kafka
ODBC
WebSocket
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesGoClojure
Java
C
C#
C++
Go
J
Java
JavaScript
Lua
MatLab
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoTransaction Functionsuser defined functionsyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascript
TriggersnoBy using transaction functionsyes infowith viewsyes infovia event handlerHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peershorizontal partitioningyes using Neo4j FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnonenone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersSource-replica replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infosimilar paradigm used for internal processingnono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)yesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes inforecommended only for testing and developmentyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnonorights management via user accountsUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
BadgerDatomicKdb+Neo4jOrientDB
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
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