DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the mission critical dbmsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Badger vs. Datomic vs. FoundationDB vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison Badger vs. Datomic vs. FoundationDB vs. OrientDB

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBadger  Xexclude from comparisonDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionAn embeddable, persistent, simple and fast Key-Value Store, written purely in Go.Datomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Multi-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelKey-value storeRelational DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.12
Rank#306  Overall
#46  Key-value stores
Score1.70
Rank#138  Overall
#68  Relational DBMS
Score1.44
Rank#146  Overall
#25  Document stores
#27  Key-value stores
#70  Relational DBMS
Score5.14
Rank#79  Overall
#14  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websitegithub.com/­dgraph-io/­badgerwww.datomic.comwww.foundationdb.orgorientdb.org
Technical documentationgodoc.org/­github.com/­dgraph-io/­badgerdocs.datomic.comapple.github.io/­foundationdbwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperDGraph LabsCognitectFoundationDBOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release2017201220132010
Current release1.0.6362, January 20226.2.28, November 20203.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoJava, ClojureC++Java
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesno infosome layers support typingyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonosupported in specific SQL layer onlySQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APITinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesGoClojure
Java
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoTransaction Functionsin SQL-layer onlyJava, Javascript
TriggersnoBy using transaction functionsnoHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnonenone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersyesMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoin SQL-layer onlyyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)yesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes inforecommended only for testing and development
User concepts infoAccess controlnononoAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurable

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
BadgerDatomicFoundationDBOrientDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Graph DBMS increased their popularity by 500% within the last 2 years
3 March 2015, Paul Andlinger

Graph DBMSs are gaining in popularity faster than any other database category
21 January 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Dgraph raises $11.5 million for scalable graph database solutions
31 July 2019, VentureBeat

provided by Google News

The Datomic Information Model
1 February 2013, InfoQ.com

The Architecture of Datomic
2 November 2012, InfoQ.com

Rich Hickey on Datomic: Datalog, Databases, Persistent Data Structures
4 April 2012, InfoQ.com

Lucas Cavalcanti on Using Clojure, Microservices, Hexagonal Architecture and Public Cloud at Nubank
16 August 2021, InfoQ.com

Rich Hickey on Datomic, CAP and ACID
21 January 2013, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Data on Kubernetes Community Announces Schedule for DoK Day at KubeCon Europe 2022
6 May 2022, Business Wire

IBM Cloudant pulls plan to fund new foundational layer for CouchDB
15 March 2022, The Register

Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

FoundationDB, a very interesting NoSQL database owned by Apple, is now an open-source project
19 April 2018, GeekWire

Apple Open Sources FoundationDB
19 April 2018, MacRumors

provided by Google News

Graph Database Market Size And Forecast | AWS, Marklogic, Cayley, Apache, OrientDB Ltd, IBM, MarkLogic, Cray, Titan, Bitnine Global – Queen Anne and Mangolia News
11 May 2022, Queen Anne and Mangolia News

NoSQL Databases Software Market Size And Forecast | MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, MarkLogic, RethinkDB, CouchDB, SQL-RD, OrientDB – Queen Anne and Mangolia News
11 May 2022, Queen Anne and Mangolia News

NoSQL Software Market Size, Trends and Forecast to 2029 | Amazon, Couchbase, MongoDB Inc., Microsoft, Marklogic, OrientDB, ArangoDB, Redis, CouchDB, DataStax. – SMU Daily Mustang
14 May 2022, SMU Daily Mustang

The untapped potential of HPC + graph computing
30 October 2021, VentureBeat

The 12 Best Graph Databases to Consider for 2022
22 December 2021, Solutions Review

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Senior Business Intelligence Developer
IQuasar, Washington, DC

Sr. Backend Engineer .NET (REMOTE)
Railsbank, Houston, TX

Data Scientist
Analytical Flavor Systems, Inc, Remote

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Present your product here