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DBMS > Badger vs. Datomic vs. Derby vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison Badger vs. Datomic vs. Derby vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBadger  Xexclude from comparisonDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn embeddable, persistent, simple and fast Key-Value Store, written purely in Go.Datomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Multi-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelKey-value storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.12
Rank#306  Overall
#46  Key-value stores
Score1.70
Rank#138  Overall
#68  Relational DBMS
Score5.17
Rank#78  Overall
#42  Relational DBMS
Score5.14
Rank#79  Overall
#14  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websitegithub.com/­dgraph-io/­badgerwww.datomic.comdb.apache.org/­derbyorientdb.org
Technical documentationgodoc.org/­github.com/­dgraph-io/­badgerdocs.datomic.comdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperDGraph LabsCognitectApache Software FoundationOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release2017201219972010
Current release1.0.6362, January 202210.15.2.0, March 20203.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageGoJava, ClojureJavaJava
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIJDBCTinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesGoClojure
Java
Java.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoTransaction FunctionsJava Stored ProceduresJava, Javascript
TriggersnoBy using transaction functionsyesHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnonenone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)yesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes inforecommended only for testing and developmentyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnonofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurable

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More resources
BadgerDatomicDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBOrientDB
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