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DBMS > Axibase vs. Badger vs. dBASE vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer

System Properties Comparison Axibase vs. Badger vs. dBASE vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAxibase  Xexclude from comparisonBadger  Xexclude from comparisondBASE  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable TimeSeries DBMS based on HBase with integrated rule engine and visualizationAn embeddable, persistent, simple and fast Key-Value Store, written purely in Go.dBase was one of the first databases with a development environment on PC's. Its latest version dBase V is still sold as dBase classic, which needs a DOS Emulation. The up-to-date product is dBase plus.Google's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Fully managed big data interactive analytics platform
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMS infocolumn oriented
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.31
Rank#262  Overall
#21  Time Series DBMS
Score0.16
Rank#291  Overall
#47  Key-value stores
Score15.36
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score4.06
Rank#82  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Score4.20
Rank#80  Overall
#43  Relational DBMS
Websiteaxibase.com/­products/­axibase-time-series-databasegithub.com/­dgraph-io/­badgerwww.dbase.comcloud.google.com/­bigtableazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorer
Technical documentationgithub.com/­axibase/­atsdgodoc.org/­github.com/­dgraph-io/­badgerwww.dbase.com/­support/­knowledgebasecloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer
DeveloperAxibase CorporationDGraph LabsAsthon TateGoogleMicrosoft
Initial release20132017197920152019
Current release15585dBASE 2019, 2019cloud service with continuous releases
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoCommunity Edition (single node) is free, Enterprise Edition (distributed) is paidOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaGo
Server operating systemsLinuxBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
DOS infodBase Classic
Windows infodBase Pro
hostedhosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesschema-freeFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoshort, integer, long, float, double, decimal, stringnoyesnoyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesnonoyesnoall fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenononoKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subset
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
Proprietary protocol (Network API)
RESTful HTTP API
none infoThe IDE can access other DBMS or ODBC-sources.gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
GodBase proprietary IDEC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnono infoThe IDE can access stored procedures in other database systems.noYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, R
Triggersyesnononoyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicy
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenoneShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationnonenoneInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonono infonot for dBase internal data, but IDE does support transactions when accessing external DBMSAtomic single-row operationsno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Azure Active Directory Authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
AxibaseBadgerdBASEGoogle Cloud BigtableMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer
Specific characteristicsAzure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Competitive advantagesKusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Key customersMicrosoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more

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More resources
AxibaseBadgerdBASEGoogle Cloud BigtableMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer
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