DBMS > ArcadeDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA
System Properties Comparison ArcadeDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||ArcadeDB Xexclude from comparison||Microsoft SQL Server Xexclude from comparison||SAP HANA Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Fast and scalable multi-model DBMS, originally forked from OrientDB but most of the code has been rewritten||Microsofts flagship relational DBMS||In-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service|
|Primary database model||Document store|
Time Series DBMS in next version
|Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
Graph DBMS with SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
|Current release||September 2021||SQL Server 2019, November 2019||2.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source Apache Version 2.0||commercial restricted free version is available||commercial|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no also available as a cloud based service|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Server operating systems||All OS with a Java VM||Linux|
|Appliance or cloud-service|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no||yes||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||SQL-like query language, no joins||yes||yes|
|APIs and other access methods||JDBC|
PostgreSQL wire protocol
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
|Supported programming languages||Java||C#|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||Transact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java||SQLScript, R|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||tables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation||yes|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Source-replica replication||yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition||yes|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes relationship in graphs||yes||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes||yes|
|User concepts Access control||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||yes|
More information provided by the system vendor
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|Related products and services|
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|ArcadeDB||Microsoft SQL Server||SAP HANA|
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