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DBMS > ArcadeDB vs. HyperSQL vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

System Properties Comparison ArcadeDB vs. HyperSQL vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArcadeDB  Xexclude from comparisonHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast and scalable multi-model DBMS, originally forked from OrientDB but most of the code has been rewrittenMultithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java infoalso known as HSQLDBIn-memory JavaScript DBMSFully managed big data interactive analytics platformRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environments
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Time Series DBMS infoin next version
Relational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.17
Rank#297  Overall
#41  Document stores
#24  Graph DBMS
#43  Key-value stores
#26  Time Series DBMS
Score5.38
Rank#77  Overall
#41  Relational DBMS
Score0.53
Rank#240  Overall
#38  Document stores
Score7.34
Rank#60  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score5.67
Rank#74  Overall
#40  Relational DBMS
Websitearcadedb.comhsqldb.orggithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorerwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.html
Technical documentationdocs.arcadedb.comhsqldb.org/­web/­hsqlDocsFrame.htmltechfort.github.io/­LokiJSdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerhelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhere
DeveloperArcade DataMicrosoftSAP infoformerly Sybase
Initial release20212001201420191992
Current releaseSeptember 20212.7.0, July 2022cloud service with continuous releases17, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infobased on BSD licenseOpen Sourcecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaJavaScript
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VM infoEmbedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modesserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)hostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infovia viewsall fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query language, no joinsyesnoKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
MongoDB API
OpenCypher
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Redis API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
TinkerPop Gremlin
HTTP API infoJDBC via HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
JavaScript APIMicrosoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJavaAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Java
JavaScript.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava, SQLView functions in JavaScriptYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, Ryes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
Triggersyesyesyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicyyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationnonenoneyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.Source-replica replication infoDatabase mirroring
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesSpark connector (open source): github.com/­Azure/­azure-kusto-sparkno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencynoneEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationship in graphsyesnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno infoatomic operations within a single collection possiblenoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoAzure Active Directory Authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
ArcadeDBHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBLokiJSMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
Specific characteristicsAzure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Competitive advantagesKusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Key customersMicrosoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAn Azure Data Explorer cluster is a pair of engine and data management clusters which...
» more

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More resources
ArcadeDBHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBLokiJSMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
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