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DBMS > ArcadeDB vs. Drizzle vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Percona Server for MySQL vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison ArcadeDB vs. Drizzle vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Percona Server for MySQL vs. SQLite

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArcadeDB  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonPercona Server for MySQL  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionFast and scalable multi-model DBMS, originally forked from OrientDB but most of the code has been rewrittenMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.A horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Enhanced drop-in replacement for MySQL based on XtraDB or TokuDB storage engines with improved performance and additional diagnostic and management features.Widely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Time Series DBMS infoin next version
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.31
Rank#297  Overall
#43  Document stores
#28  Graph DBMS
#41  Key-value stores
#23  Time Series DBMS
Score4.46
Rank#87  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score3.18
Rank#102  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score132.44
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitearcadedb.comcloud.google.com/­spannerwww.percona.com/­software/­mysql-database/­percona-serverwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationdocs.arcadedb.comcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docswww.percona.com/­downloads/­Percona-Server-LATESTwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperArcade DataDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerGooglePerconaDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release20212008201720082000
Current releaseSeptember 20217.2.4, September 20128.0.28-20, 20223.40.0  (16 November 2022), November 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoGNU GPLcommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2Open Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++C and C++C
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
hostedLinuxserver-less
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyesyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query language, no joinsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yesyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
MongoDB API
OpenCypher
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Redis API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
TinkerPop Gremlin
JDBCgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesJavaC
C++
Java
PHP
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyesno
Triggersno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.noyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
XtraDB Cluster
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationship in graphsyesyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesno

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More resources
ArcadeDBDrizzleGoogle Cloud SpannerPercona Server for MySQLSQLite
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