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DBMS > ArcadeDB vs. Drizzle vs. Elasticsearch vs. Google Cloud Spanner

System Properties Comparison ArcadeDB vs. Drizzle vs. Elasticsearch vs. Google Cloud Spanner

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArcadeDB  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionFast and scalable multi-model DBMS, originally forked from OrientDB but most of the code has been rewrittenMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.A distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Time Series DBMS infoin next version
Relational DBMSSearch engineRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.20
Rank#323  Overall
#45  Document stores
#32  Graph DBMS
#45  Key-value stores
#28  Time Series DBMS
Score150.32
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score4.24
Rank#91  Overall
#46  Relational DBMS
Websitearcadedb.comwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchcloud.google.com/­spanner
Technical documentationdocs.arcadedb.comwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docs
DeveloperArcade DataDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerElasticGoogle
Initial release2021200820102017
Current releaseSeptember 20217.2.4, September 20127.8.0, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoGNU GPLOpen Source infoElastic Licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
All OS with a Java VMhosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query language, no joinsyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query languageyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
MongoDB API
OpenCypher
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Redis API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
TinkerPop Gremlin
JDBCJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesJavaC
C++
Java
PHP
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesno
Triggersno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.yes infoby using the 'percolation' featureno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoES-Hadoop Connectoryes infousing Google Cloud Dataflow
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationship in graphsyesnoyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrity
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID infoStrict serializable isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationno
User concepts infoAccess controlPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)

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More resources
ArcadeDBDrizzleElasticsearchGoogle Cloud Spanner
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