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DBMS > ArcadeDB vs. CouchDB vs. Drizzle vs. Google Cloud Spanner

System Properties Comparison ArcadeDB vs. CouchDB vs. Drizzle vs. Google Cloud Spanner

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArcadeDB  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionFast and scalable multi-model DBMS, originally forked from OrientDB but most of the code has been rewrittenA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.MySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.A horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Time Series DBMS infoin next version
Document storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.16
Rank#298  Overall
#41  Document stores
#25  Graph DBMS
#43  Key-value stores
#26  Time Series DBMS
Score17.02
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score4.11
Rank#89  Overall
#46  Relational DBMS
Websitearcadedb.comcouchdb.apache.orgcloud.google.com/­spanner
Technical documentationdocs.arcadedb.comdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablecloud.google.com/­spanner/­docs
DeveloperArcade DataApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerGoogle
Initial release2021200520082017
Current releaseSeptember 20213.2.2, April 20227.2.4, September 2012
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGNU GPLcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaErlangC++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query language, no joinsnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
MongoDB API
OpenCypher
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Redis API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
TinkerPop Gremlin
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBCgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesJavaC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C
C++
Java
PHP
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptnono
Triggersyesno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.no
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0ShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflow
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationship in graphsnoyesyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrity
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasePluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)

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More resources
ArcadeDBCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"DrizzleGoogle Cloud Spanner
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