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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. Valentina Server

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. Valentina Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonValentina Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLObject-relational database and reports server
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Relational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.88
Rank#62  Overall
#10  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
#7  Search engines
Score509.86
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score0.17
Rank#265  Overall
#124  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.arangodb.comwww.postgresql.orgwww.valentina-db.net
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stablewww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualsvalentina-db.com/­docs/­dokuwiki/­v5/­doku.php
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerParadigma Software
Initial release20121989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL1999
Current release3.6, January 202012.2, February 20205.7.5
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.
  • ScaleGrid: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting with high availability, dedicated servers, and superuser control on the #1 multi-cloud Amazon RDS alternative.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C#
C++
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
Visual Basic
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replication with configurable replication factorMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBPostgreSQLValentina Server
Specific characteristicsOne Engine. One Query Language. Multiple Data Models. ArangoDB is an open source...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 9000 stargazers on...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
News

Take Alpha 2 of the upcoming ArangoDB 3.7 for a spin!
26 March 2020

Opening the ArangoDB Oasis API & Terraform Provider
24 March 2020

Upcoming ArangoDB 3.7 and Storage Engines
18 March 2020

ArangoDB in 10 Minutes: Node.js
10 March 2020

Monitoring ArangoDB
10 March 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ArangoDBPostgreSQLValentina Server
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Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Database Administration
Online Training, daily from 5am – 7am UTC or 4pm – 6pm UTC, 4-8 May 2020

PGCon 2020, PostgreSQL Conference for Users and Developers
Due to COVID-19, it will be an online conference, 26-29 May 2020

Recent citations in the news

Global Graph Databases Software Market 2020-2026 Neo4j, ArangoDB, SAP, Twitter, Cayley, DataStax, IBM, Microsoft
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9 January 2020, SDTimes.com

provided by Google News

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20 March 2020, thenewstack.io

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