DBMS > ArangoDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. TimesTen
System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. TimesTen
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||ArangoDB Xexclude from comparison||PostgreSQL Xexclude from comparison||TimesTen Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Native multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.||Widely used open source RDBMS Developed as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL||In-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle|
|Primary database model||Document store|
|Relational DBMS with object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||ArangoDB Inc.||PostgreSQL Global Development Group www.postgresql.org/developer||Oracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP originally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005|
|Initial release||2012||1989 1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL||1998|
|Current release||3.7.9, March 2021||13.2 , February 2021||11 Release 2 (188.8.131.52.0)|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source Apache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) available||Open Source BSD||commercial|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
|ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.||ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.|
|Server operating systems||Linux|
|Data scheme||schema-free automatically recognizes schema within a collection||yes||yes|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes string, double, boolean, list, hash||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes specific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||no||yes standard with numerous extensions||yes|
|APIs and other access methods||AQL|
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
native C library
streaming API for large objects
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
|Supported programming languages||C#|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||Sharding since version 2.0||partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash||none|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Source-replica replication with configurable replication factor||Source-replica replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions||Multi-source replication|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Eventual Consistency configurable per collection or per write|
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
|Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes relationships in graphs||yes||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes by means of logfiles and checkpoints|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||yes|
|User concepts Access control||yes||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard|
|More information provided by the system vendor|
|Specific characteristics||One Engine. One Query Language. Multiple Data Models. ArangoDB is an open source...|
|Competitive advantages||Consolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...|
|Typical application scenarios||Native multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...|
|Key customers||Cisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...|
|Market metrics||ArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 9000 stargazers on...|
|Licensing and pricing models||Very permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...|
C++ Memory Model: Migrating from X86 to ARM
ArangoML Series: Multi-Model Collaboration
State of the Art Preprocessing and Filtering with ArangoSearch
ArangoML Series: Intro to NetworkX Adapter
ArangoML Part 4: Detecting Covariate Shift in Datasets
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|Related products and services|
|3rd parties||EDB: Helping organizations get the most from PostgreSQL, Oracle Migration, High Availability, Security|
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.
|DB-Engines blog posts|
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