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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. TimesTen

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Relational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.77
Rank#69  Overall
#10  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#10  Key-value stores
#8  Search engines
Score553.52
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score1.89
Rank#120  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.arangodb.comwww.postgresql.orgwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stablewww.postgresql.org/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release20121989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL1998
Current release3.7.9, March 202113.2 , February 202111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.PL/SQL
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication with configurable replication factorSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBPostgreSQLTimesTen
Specific characteristicsOne Engine. One Query Language. Multiple Data Models. ArangoDB is an open source...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 9000 stargazers on...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
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News

C++ Memory Model: Migrating from X86 to ARM
15 February 2021

ArangoML Series: Multi-Model Collaboration
26 January 2021

State of the Art Preprocessing and Filtering with ArangoSearch
10 December 2020

ArangoML Series: Intro to NetworkX Adapter
17 November 2020

ArangoML Part 4: Detecting Covariate Shift in Datasets
5 November 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
ArangoDBPostgreSQLTimesTen
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Recent citations in the news

Global Graph Database Market Impressive Growth 2021 | ArangoDB, Kompass (UK) Ltd, Sparsity Technologies, Objectivity Inc., Teradata, MongoDB, Inc and More – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
31 March 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

Global Graph Database Market SWOT Analysis,Key Indicators,Forecast 2027 : Oracle, IBM, Neo Technology, OrientDB, Franz, DataStax, Sirma AI – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
12 April 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

Graph, machine learning, hype, and beyond: ArangoDB open source multi-model database releases version 3.7
27 August 2020, ZDNet

NoSQL Databases Software Market 2021 Growth Analysis by Top Key Players: MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase etc. – SoccerNurds
5 April 2021, SoccerNurds

How to install the ArangoDB multimodal database on Ubuntu Server 20.04
15 December 2020, TechRepublic

provided by Google News

Guest View: OLAP + OLTP = ...PostgreSQL?
12 April 2021, SDTimes.com

How PostgreSQL has popularized open source enterprise databases [Q&A]
7 April 2021, BetaNews

Crunchy Certified PostgreSQL 12 Achieves Common Criteria Evaluation Assurance Level (EAL) 2+ Certification
29 March 2021, PRNewswire

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Insider
25 January 2012, Business Insider

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