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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. OrientDB vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. OrientDB vs. Virtuoso

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.Multi-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)Virtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Document store
Graph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.35
Rank#78  Overall
#14  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#10  Key-value stores
#10  Search engines
Score4.57
Rank#84  Overall
#15  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#13  Key-value stores
Score5.95
Rank#71  Overall
#13  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#2  Native XML DBMS
#38  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#9  Search engines
Websitewww.arangodb.comorientdb.orgvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stablewww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmldocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterFacebookYouTubeInstagram
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPOpenLink Software
Initial release201220101998
Current release3.9.3, September 20223.1.9, February 20217.2.7, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.
Implementation languageC++JavaC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query language, no joinsyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptJava, Javascriptyes infoVirtuoso PL
TriggersnoHooksyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0Shardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication with configurable replication factorMulti-source replicationChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptno infocould be achieved with distributed queriesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurableFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBOrientDBVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsGraph and Beyond. With more than 11,000 stargazers on GitHub, ArangoDB is the leading...
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 11,000 stargazers on...
» more
Largest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more
News

October 2022: What’s the Latest with ArangoDB?
2 November 2022

August 2022: What’s the Latest with ArangoDB?
19 August 2022

August 2022: ArangoDB Cloud Monthly Newsletter
18 August 2022

Introducing the ArangoDB-PyG Adapter
4 August 2022

July 2022: What’s the Latest with ArangoDB?
21 July 2022

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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