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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. Neo4j vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. Neo4j vs. RDF4J

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.Scalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Graph DBMSRDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.50
Rank#75  Overall
#13  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
#10  Search engines
Score59.53
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.74
Rank#206  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Websitewww.arangodb.comneo4j.comrdf4j.org
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stableneo4j.com/­docsrdf4j.org/­documentation
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterFacebookYouTubeInstagram
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.Neo4j, Inc.Since 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release201220072004
Current release3.9.1, April 20224.4.8, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageC++Java, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionschema-free and schema-optionalyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonono
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsyes
Triggersnoyes infovia event handleryes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0yes using Neo4j Fabricnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication with configurable replication factorCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlynone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
User concepts infoAccess controlyesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)no
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBNeo4jRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
Specific characteristicsGraph and Beyond. With more than 11,000 stargazers on GitHub, ArangoDB is the leading...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 11,000 stargazers on...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

April 2022: What’s the Latest with ArangoDB?
29 April 2022

Who’s Who in Data Science
14 April 2022

Integrate ArangoDB with PyTorch Geometric to Build Recommendation Systems
6 April 2022

March 2022: What’s the Latest with ArangoDB?
25 March 2022

Introducing the new ArangoDB Datasource for Apache Spark
8 March 2022

Can’t Stop, Won’t Stop: Graph Data Science 2.1 Is Better Than Ever
23 June 2022

Announcing Neo4j Bloom 2.3: Supercharged With Graph Data Science
21 June 2022

Pride at Neo4j: Thirty Years of Hope
20 June 2022

This Week in Neo4j: AuraDS on Vertex AI, Going Meta Series, Cypher Cheatsheet, GraphConnect Recordings, Centrality Algorithms, and More
18 June 2022

The New Normal: What I Learned (or Un-Learned) at GraphConnect 2022
17 June 2022

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ArangoDBNeo4jRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
DB-Engines blog posts

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