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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA multi-model DBMSOpen source graph databaseMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Graph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.88
Rank#61  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#10  Key-value stores
#7  Search engines
Score49.46
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score5.14
Rank#59  Overall
#11  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#9  Key-value stores
Websitewww.arangodb.comneo4j.comorientdb.com
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­documentationneo4j.com/­docsorientdb.org/­docs/­3.0.x
DeveloperArangoDB GmbH / triagens GmbHNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud
Initial release201220072010
Current release3.5.0, August 20193.5.8, July 20193.0.23, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC, C++, JavaScriptJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Raspbian
Solaris
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API
JSON style queries
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascript
Triggersnoyes infovia event handlerHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0noneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-master replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptnono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBNeo4jOrientDB
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

ArangoDB Hot Backup – Creating consistent cluster-wide snapshots
9 October 2019

ArangoML Pipeline – A Common Metadata Layer for Machine Learning Pipelines
25 September 2019

libgcc: When exceptions collide
19 September 2019

Multi-Model Database ArangoDB 3.5 released – Distributed Joins, Streaming Transactions, extended GraphDB & Search Capabilities
19 August 2019

Welcome Matt Ekstrom, CRO, and Jörg Schad, Head of Engineering & Machine Learning!
14 August 2019

Overcoming CCPA Challenges: Graph Technology Solves Personal Data Privacy Challenges
21 October 2019

This Week in Neo4j – We need your GraphConnect 2020 talks, New Educator Program, Tuning Cypher, How do British MPs vote?
19 October 2019

#GraphCast: Bloom Series
18 October 2019

GraphConnect 2020: Call for Papers Closing November 15
17 October 2019

How Boston Scientific Improves Manufacturing Quality Using Graph Analytics
16 October 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
ArangoDBNeo4jOrientDB
DB-Engines blog posts

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22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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Graph DBMS increased their popularity by 500% within the last 2 years
3 March 2015, Paul Andlinger

Graph DBMSs are gaining in popularity faster than any other database category
21 January 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

Graph databases advance: TigerGraph announces $32 Million Series B Funding plus cloud-based platform
25 September 2019, ZDNet

ArangoDB Releases ArangoML Pipeline, a Multi-Model Metadata Layer for ML Pipelines
1 October 2019, Toolbox

Graph Database Market 2019 Status Analysis : triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley
16 October 2019, News Adopt

Graph Database Market Analysis 2019 - triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley
25 September 2019, News Coed

ArangoDB 3.5 update improves multi-model database platform
22 August 2019, TechTarget

provided by Google News

Neo4j equips educators with data graphing teaching tools
10 October 2019, TechRepublic

Neo4j Launches Program to Empower Educators
10 October 2019, PRNewswire

NEORIS Demonstrates the Power of Graph Knowledge Management to Enable Predictive Analytics at Neo4j GraphTour New York
10 October 2019, PRNewswire

Neo4j Gets Hooks Into Kafka
1 October 2019, Datanami

Graph databases advance: TigerGraph announces $32 Million Series B Funding plus cloud-based platform
25 September 2019, ZDNet

provided by Google News

Graph Database Market Analysis 2019 - triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley
25 September 2019, News Coed

Graph Database Market 2019 Status Analysis : triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley
16 October 2019, News Adopt

Graph Database Market Foresight By 2025 | Key Companies- IBM,
18 October 2019, openPR

Graph Database Market To Worth +3 Billion with An Incredible CAGR Of +24 By 2027 Top Players- IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j, Orientdb, Teradata, Tibco Software, Franz, Openlink Software
8 October 2019, Market Report Gazette

Introducing Jakarta NoSQL
15 October 2019, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

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