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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.Scalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Graph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.92
Rank#73  Overall
#14  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
#10  Search engines
Score59.35
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score5.21
Rank#78  Overall
#15  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websitewww.arangodb.comneo4j.comorientdb.org
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stableneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
Social network pagesTwitterLinkedInFacebookYouTubeInstagram
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.Neo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release201220072010
Current release3.9.2, June 20224.4.10, August 20223.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageC++Java, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascript
Triggersnoyes infovia event handlerHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0yes using Neo4j FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication with configurable replication factorCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptnono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBNeo4jOrientDB
Specific characteristicsGraph and Beyond. With more than 11,000 stargazers on GitHub, ArangoDB is the leading...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 11,000 stargazers on...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Introducing the ArangoDB-PyG Adapter
4 August 2022

July 2022: What’s the Latest with ArangoDB?
21 July 2022

What is a Graph Database?
7 July 2022

May 2022: What’s the Latest with ArangoDB?
27 May 2022

April 2022: What’s the Latest with ArangoDB?
29 April 2022

Using Graph Technology for Environmental Data Compliance and Implementation
15 August 2022

This Week in Neo4j: GraphQL, Low Code, Cybersecurity, Graph Refactoring, and More
13 August 2022

Neo4j Graph Framework and Project Assessment
11 August 2022

How Graphs Power OpenSanctions: The 5-Minute Interview with Friedrich Lindenberg
10 August 2022

From Collected Data to Connected Data: How Knowledge Graphs Are Changing the World
5 August 2022

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ArangoDBNeo4jOrientDB
DB-Engines blog posts

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Graph DBMSs are gaining in popularity faster than any other database category
21 January 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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Recent citations in the news

Open source graph database company ArangoDB raises $27.8M
6 October 2021, VentureBeat

ArangoDB 3.9 scales graph database operations
16 February 2022, TechTarget

ArangoDB brings yet more money into graph database market with $27.8M round
6 October 2021, SiliconANGLE News

ArangoDB Further Powers Graph at Scale with Release of ArangoDB 3.9
15 February 2022, PR Web

Graph, machine learning, hype, and beyond: ArangoDB open source multi-model database releases version 3.7
27 August 2020, ZDNet

provided by Google News

The origin of Neo4j
8 August 2022, Analytics India Magazine

The Power of Connected Data for a Smart Nation: Chandra Rangan, CMO, Neo4j
5 August 2022, OpenGov Asia

Announcing Neo4j GraphSummit 2022
23 June 2022, PR Newswire

Neo4j and the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) Announce the 2022 Connected Data Fellowship
18 May 2022, PR Newswire

Neo4j Closes Banner Year Marked by Customer Successes, Continued Industry Validation, Community Engagement, and Major Funding
25 January 2022, PR Newswire

provided by Google News

CallidusCloud Acquires Leading Multi-Model Database Technology
19 September 2017, GlobeNewswire

The 12 Best Graph Databases to Consider for 2022
22 December 2021, Solutions Review

The untapped potential of HPC + graph computing
30 October 2021, VentureBeat

What are graph database query languages?
3 September 2021, VentureBeat

NoSQL Databases | When to Use NoSQL vs SQL
19 January 2022, Server Watch

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