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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.Open source graph databaseMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Graph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.38
Rank#60  Overall
#10  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#9  Key-value stores
#7  Search engines
Score48.27
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score4.82
Rank#68  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websitewww.arangodb.comneo4j.comorientdb.com
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stableneo4j.com/­docsorientdb.org/­docs/­3.0.x
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.Neo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud
Initial release201220072010
Current release3.6.0, January 20204.0.4, May 20203.0.31, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.
Implementation languageC++Java, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascript
Triggersnoyes infovia event handlerHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0noneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replication with configurable replication factorCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-master replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptnono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBNeo4jOrientDB
Specific characteristicsOne Engine. One Query Language. Multiple Data Models. ArangoDB is an open source...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 9000 stargazers on...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Red Hat Certifies ArangoDB Kubernetes Operator
28 May 2020

Best Practices for AQL Graph Queries
27 May 2020

An Open-Source Petri Dish-As-Code
5 May 2020

Azure now GA on ArangoDB Oasis
29 April 2020

You can now become an ArangoDB Certified Professional
23 April 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Identifying Graph Shaped Problems, New Neo4j Online Training Courses, Small-world phenomena
6 June 2020

Announcing New Neo4j Online Training Courses!
4 June 2020

Creative Use of Network Science with Graph Commons
3 June 2020

Analytical Subgraph Overlays in Neo4j
2 June 2020

Graph-Powered Recommendations: A Framework for Faster Development
1 June 2020

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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ArangoDBNeo4jOrientDB
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